Annual production released


USDA released the annual crop production summary for 2019 on Friday.

Corn for grain production in 2019 was estimated at 13.7 billion bushels, down

5 percent from the revised 2018 estimate. The average yield in the United States was estimated at 168.0 bushels per acre, 8.4 bushels below the 2018 yield of 176.4 bushels per acre. Area harvested for grain was estimated at 81.5 million acres, up less than 1 percent from the revised 2018 estimate.

Sorghum: Grain production in 2019 was estimated at 341 million bushels, down 6 percent from the 2018 total. Planted area for 2019 was estimated at a record low 5.27 million acres, down 7 percent from the previous year. Area harvested for grain, at 4.68 million acres, was down 8 percent from 2018. Grain yield was estimated at 73.0 bushels per acre, up 0.9 bushel from 2018.

Rice: Production in 2019 totaled 185 million cwt, down 17 percent from the 2018 total. Planted area for 2019 was estimated at 2.54 million acres, down 14 percent from 2018. Area harvested, at 2.47 million acres, was down 15 percent from the previous crop year. The average yield for all United States rice was estimated at 7,471 pounds per acre, down 221 pounds from the 2018 average yield of 7,692 pounds per acre.

Soybean production in 2019 totaled 3.56 billion bushels, down 20 percent from

2018. The average yield per acre was estimated at 47.4 bushels, down 3.2 bushels from 2018. Harvested area was down 14 percent from 2018 to

75.0 million acres.

All cotton production is estimated at 20.1 million 480-pound bales, up 9 percent from 2018. The United States yield is estimated at 817 pounds per acre, down 47 pounds from last year. Harvested area, at 11.8 million acres, is up 16 percent from last year.

Grain stocks report:

Corn stored in all positions on December 1, 2019 totaled 11.4 billion bushels, down 5 percent from December 1, 2018. Of the total stocks, 7.18 billion bushels are stored on farms, down 4 percent from a year earlier. Off-farm stocks, at 4.21 billion bushels, are down 6 percent from a year ago. The September - November 2019 indicated disappearance is 4.52 billion bushels, compared with 4.54 billion bushels during the same period last year.

Soybeans stored in all positions on December 1, 2019 totaled 3.25 billion bushels, down 13 percent from December 1, 2018. Soybean stocks stored on farms totaled 1.53 billion bushels, down 21 percent from a year ago. Off-farm stocks, at 1.73 billion bushels, are down 5 percent from last December. Indicated disappearance for September - November 2019 totaled 1.22 billion bushels, up 8 percent from the same period a year earlier.

All wheat stored in all positions on December 1, 2019 totaled 1.83 billion bushels, down 9 percent from a year ago. On-farm stocks are estimated at 519 million bushels, up 3 percent from last December. Off-farm stocks, at 1.31 billion bushels, are down 13 percent from a year ago. The September - November 2019 indicated disappearance is 512 million bushels, 35 percent above the same period a year earlier.

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